Monday, 28 December 2015

German Perspective at the end of World War 1

As a citizen of Germany, I am infuriated by the outcome of World War 1. Germany was blamed for the entire war and in the end we lost and were humiliated. Not only did we lose much of our land to the English and other countries internationally but we were also forced to apologize?! Also along with that we were forced to pay for all the war expenses of other countries. How is this fair to the Germans and to our economy and country?! A payment such as this would be a devastating blow to our economy, leaving the country scrambling and divided. Along side all of this, we were forced to reduce our military to under 100,000 soldiers and we have been forbidden from using weapons. If a time of combat arises, we will be defenseless. Many countries believe this was "the war to end all wars" however I have a feeling this will not be the case. Although we are weak and recovering now, when the German empire is strong once again, I know we will fight for our land and what is rightfully ours.

The Roaring 20's

The Roaring 1920's was a historically significant time period in Canada's history. After the World War 1, the Canadian economy began to grow the lifestyles of Canadians were changing. Since the war had ended, many people thought of this time as a recovery and celebration stage. Canada had gained respect for their efforts in the war and had even started to gain some independence. Canadians also began to develop a new lifestyle after the war that was fairly similar to the British ways and culture. There was newly arising opportunities in many cities across Canada which caused many people to move and settle down in these cities. This is a good example of something we see a lot today and historical perspective. When people see a good opportunity for themselves or their families, they will take it. For example, the city of Waterloo is well known for technology. Therefore we attract a lot of technological workers to our area. The film talked about how there was many new factories being built and many new manufactured goods were being made and bought. There was a lot of money being circulated which was good for the economy and also put manufacturers in a very good and comfortable place. Along with this, there were great advances to technology at the time. This lead to the popularization of products such as radios.  These were historically significant factors that led to the economic boom in Canada in the 1920's.
However not all was well for everyone. Many people had a hard time adjusting after the war was over including veterans, woman working on the home front and people who had lost loved ones in the war.  Many veterans had to wait as long as up to many months to return home due to the large amount of people away fighting. Finally when they did return, there was many difficulties they had to face. While they were away at war, the pricing for housing had steeped significantly and many found it hard to find affordable housing. Also jobs were hard to find and so was the training needed for specialized jobs. However the hardest adjustments had to be made by the veterans that had been injured during the war. For example the loss of a limb would require you to have to learn to newly adapt to your surroundings and this is a great example of cause and consequence. The members of the home front also had a big adjustment to make but it mainly just affected the woman. Woman had been used as factory workers during the war. However, when the men returned home from the war many woman were forced to go back to their old jobs of being a house worker. This job obviously did not pay and was not really considered a job. As you can probably assume, many people who had lost a family member or loved one in the war had a lot of adjusting to do. It was a tough situation and required a lot of healing and time.
After playing the game I learned that since Canadian Culture had been revolutioned, life for both men and women at home was fairly comfortable and peaceful after the war. Certain opportunities were now becoming equal for both men and women in the workplace. This also lead to the positive change in equal rights where almost all woman in Canada had the right to vote by the end of the 1920's which is an excellent example of continuity and change. Fashion was all the rage in the 1920's. Men enjoyed wearing their dress pants while woman discovered skin tight one piece bathing suits. As well, sources of entertainment were far more plentiful in the 1920's. Things such as magic acts and dog shows became much more common and people were enjoying themselves more often. To add to all this fun being had, there was many more Canadians attending University and graduating with a degree. These new and positive ways of thinking lead to a much more enjoyable life for Canadians during the 1920's. 

The Most Desirable Role in WW1

World War 1 is known as an extremely devastating and significant event for everyone involved including Canadians. This event forced many people to risk their lives fighting for their countries. Also, there were many that remained at home to fulfill duties of the household and factories. There was 3 main roles a soldier could have while in the military. There was naval service, land front and Air Force. Along with these 3 roles, there was also the home front. The home front was a role that did not involve being in combat, but instead remained at home and worked in factories. All of these roles were significant in World War 1, however I believe the Air Force was the most desirable position. Although this was defiantly not the safest role you could have in World War 1, it did involve good living conditions and a lot of respect. Everyone who fought in the war is thought of as a hero although members of the Air Force in particular received a lot of respect. They were seen as "heroes" to the public, which is a lot better than what was thought of the men who stayed on the Homefront. Men on the Homefront received very little respect and were thought of as cowards because they didn't go and fight for their country in the military. Also, members of the Air Force and all military personnel were paid well compared to a member of the Homefront who received little money for there days spent in the factories. Living conditions for the members of the Air Force were very well but we're obviously not as good as the living conditions for the Homefront. As a member of the Homefront, you got to remain in your own house and sleep in a bed every night and everything would be very comfortable and familiar. Although members of the Air Force didn't get to remain in their own homes, they did get to sleep in barracks with beds. This is much more desirable and comfortable compared to the living conditions of those in the naval service and land front. As you can see, being a member of the Air Force had its advantages. However, the safety was not ideal. As one can imagine, being in the Homefront was the safest position during World War 1. Although they worked in factories with dangerous objects, they did not have to fear combat. Members of the Air Force had to endure freezing temperatures and high wind speeds while flying. There was also the fear of crashing or being shot down while in combat. However, this is still better than the safety of the land front and naval services. Overall, the members of the home front had the best safety but the living conditions and respect one would receive from being in the Air Force is more desirable. This is why I believe being a member of the Air Force was the most desirable position during World War 1.

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Part 3: Aging Population

1.  This issue is significant to Canada as a whole and everyone is going to be affected. Our very large elderly population (baby boomers) are coming close to the age of retirement. This means that there is going to be many more jobs to fill and that Canadians will have to pay higher taxes to support the retired population.

2. The aging population in Canada sheds light on many issues that Canadian Citizens will face in the near future. Because all the elderly people are retiring, we are going to have many jobs to fill. This may lead to some promotions for some people and hopefully a lot more younger Canadian citizens will become employed. However, one of the downfalls of this is that we’re going to see a higher tax rate. Working Canadian Citizens will have to pay for all healthcare the elderly might need as well as pay so more nursing homes can be built. Eventually there will be a significant drop in Canada’s population which could possibly lead to a damaged economy.

3. This issue will defiantly be significant in 10 years. In 10 years we will see many of the baby boomers retired, higher tax rates and more job openings especially in the medical fields. However in 25 years this issue will still be important but it’s effect won’t be as notable or strong. In 25 years many of the baby boomers may have passed away. The thing that Canada will be worrying about in 25 years is getting the economy back to normal but besides that all the effects of the aging population should have subsided.

Part 2: 1995 Quebec Referendum

An issue we've focussed on the semester was the relationship between the French and English Canadians and how much of an impact the 1995 Quebec Referendum had on the citizens of Quebec and Canada as a whole.

1. This issue was significant for Canada as a whole but also it was even more significant for the people who lived in Quebec. All of Canada would have been affected because if Quebec had separated into their own country then Canada would have been divided. Also many Canadians said that they wanted Canada to remain the same because they want their children to have the same Canada they did while they were growing up. However, residents of Quebec were impacted the most by this. The opinions were diverse and both sides felt very strongly about the idea. If Quebec had split into it’s own country the citizens would have been impacted heavily. They would have had to elect their own government, make their own laws and the day to day life for regular people would have changed.

2. This issue shed light on the many problems between the French Canadians and English Canadians over the years. People living in Quebec (and more specifically French-Canadians) were forced to speak English while at work and the pay between English people and French people living in Quebec was over $1500. The Quiet Revolution took place over many years. After many years, Canada finally became a bilingual country. However, soon afterward Bill “22” was passed which state that French was the only official language in Quebec. Finally in 1995 Rene Levesque held a Referendum to see if Quebec would support him in the separation of Quebec from Canada.  The people in Quebec decided against it but the votes were so close together. Even to this day there are many people who want to see Quebec separate from Canada including the people of the Bloc Quebecois and Parti Quebecois parties and the people who support them.

3. I think this event will still be significant for Canadians in 10 years. Knowing that there are still parties and people fighting for the separation leads me to believe that this event will be relevant for many years to come. Especially if something of that nature were to happen again. Seeing how close the vote was means that it could have gone either way and it may happen again sometime in the future. I think this event will be significant until all the people in Quebec are happy or until they separate if that were to ever happen.

Part 1: Residential Schools

In our history class up to this point, we've spent a lot of time focussing on the aboriginal people of Canada and the significant events that involved them. One of the things we focussed on were the residential schools for aboriginal children and I was asked to answer the following questions.

1. The Residential schools were significant to the aboriginal people of Canada. The aboriginal children were taken from a young age and forced to abandon their beliefs, language and family. At the time, this issue did not affect anyone else. English children could still practice their beliefs and speak their language when they went to school and the whole concept of the residential schools was to convert the beliefs of the aboriginal  children so that the future generations would be more like the english people living in Canada.

2. The event sheds light on the long-lasting issue of problems between the aboriginal people and the government. The way the aboriginal children were treated at the residential schools was extremely cruel and unnecessary. The survivors were never given a formal apology from the government until Stephen Harper apologized in 2008. Even though this apology has been made, a lot of the damage is still present. There is still some issues with money between the government and aboriginal people and the relationship is still not where it should be.

3. I think the residential schools will continue to be significant for the aboriginal people for a very long time. In 10 years many of the survivors may still be alive and in 25 years there children will still be sharing the stories. However, unless this issue keeps being talked about in schools, I think this topic may be forgotten by some people as the years go on. People who were not affected personally by this may and who aren’t well informed may forget about this topic in 10 or 25 years.

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

321: Fort McMoney

After watching the video on Oil Sands in Fort Mcmoney and playing the interactive video game, I was asked to complete a 321. This is a strategy to help analyze a piece of text and pull out critical information and ideas. You list 3 things you discovered, 2 things you agree or disagree with and 1 question you still have.

This was a topic that I wasn't well informed about in the past, so I learned a lot of new information. One thing I didn't know is how the factories that separate the oil and gravel work around the clock. They never shut down which means operate 7 days a week for 24 hours each day. The next thing I learned was something that I was not pleased with. Finding out that Canada is one of the biggest polluting countries in the developing world came as a shocker to me. The amount of oil we extract and burn not only affects the air quality for Canadians specifically, but also for the entire atmosphere as a whole. The final thing I discovered was that 40,000 square kilometres of land is used for oil sands. I do not think the number has to be that big. I feel like how much land they use for oil sands is excessive and not needed and is taking away from other things that could be there instead.

One thing that I did agree with in the video, was the law the government passed. This put a restriction on greenhouse gas emissions and how much they can emit. Another thing I agree with is the opinions of some of the people living in Alberta. The oil sands are definitely developing at a rapid pace and production needs to be slowed down.

One question I have after watching this video is if the government realizes how much damage they are doing to the environment and how far will this go until they realize they need to cut back?